Universality of nand and nor gates pdf

Jul 25,  · The above diagram is of a NOT gate made by using a NOR gate. The circuit diagram is similar to that of NOT gate made by using only NAND gate. So, from the above discussion, it is clear that all the three basic gates (AND, OR, NOT) can be made by only using NOR gate. And thus, it can be aptly termed as Universal Gate. Thus, the NOR gate is a universal gate since it can implement the AND, OR and NOT functions. Equivalent Gates: The shown figure summarizes important cases of gate equivalence. Note that bubbles indicate a complement operation (inverter). A NAND gate is equivalent to an inverted-input OR gate. •NAND & NOR gates are universal gates. •Digital circuit are frequently constructed with NAND or NOR gates rather than AND and OR gates. •The basic function of the NAND gate. gate, or an INVERTER gate. •How a logic circuit implemented with AOI logic gates can be re-implemented using only NAND gates.

Universality of nand and nor gates pdf

families. So any Boolean function can be implemented with NAND/NOR gates alone. Thus these gates are called “universal” gates. a. NAND Implementation. NAND and NOR are called universal gates because all the other gates like and, or,not,xor and xnor can be derived from it. Although and,or and not are basic. NAND and NOR are universal gates. Any function can be implemented using only NAND or only NOR gates. How can we prove this? (Proof for NAND gates).]

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NAND Gate as Universal Gate (Part 1)


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